Humanities E-Book
The Online Collection
Developed By Scholars

HEB User Manual

The HEB User Manual was designed to collect relevant information pertaining to navigation and use of the collection in one place, as a single PDF file.

Access and Browser Requirements

Books may be accessed directly from links in the MARC records that have been loaded into the catalog of a subscribing institution. These records contain stable URLs that represent the most reliable way to reach the material at our site. If a subscribing institution has an access system that requires that URLs be rewritten, such as for proxy service, statistics tabulation, etc., that institution will need to make those local modifications to the URLs as system access requires.

For most access problems (particularly off-campus), including any proxy server questions, please consult the list of common access problems at:

If you experience any browser compatibility issues, you may want to try downloading an updated browser from one of the following sites:

OpenURL Compliance

HEB is OpenURL compliant on the title level, but not on the chapter and page level. In order to offer the most stable link to an individual title, please use the title-specific handle, which can be found in the book’s catalog record, and the format for which matches the following example:

For guidance on linking to text sections, see below.

Linking to Text Sections

HEB currently does not support permanent URLs to the chapter/section level. However, if users wish to create links for individual text sections within a title (e.g., for course-reserve reading), if properly formed, URLs should remain relatively stable. HEB will alert subscribers to any changes in the URL configurations, which will be timed to have minimal impact.

When linking to text sections in individual titles, the following protocol applies:

For page-image books, include URL elements c, idno, view=image, and seq

Link example:;idno=heb02308.0001.001;view=image;seq=00000027

For books with XML encoded text, include URL elements c, idno, rgn, view=text, and node parameter

Link example:;idno=heb90009.0001.001;view=text;rgn=div1;node=heb90009.0001.001:6

ADA Compliance and Accessibility

ACLS Humanities E-Book is pleased to report that most features of the collection now provide accessibility and allow for navigation by standard automatic screen readers. HEB’s technical partner, the University of Michigan Libraries, initiated an extensive review of all of its hosted publications and resources for accessibility and ADA compliance in 2011 and has been making improvements to the site based on this review. As a result, the HEB collection now provides all of the accessibility features described below:


  • HEB titles conform to W3C’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Conformance Level A, which means that the collection meets all Level A Success Criteria and contain no absolute barriers to access.
  • Furthermore, all University of Michigan publications, including HEB, will aim for WCAG 2.0 Conformance Level AA, in order to meet some Level AA Success Criteria and contain little or no substantial barriers to access.
  • While the actual scanned pages of HEB’s page-image titles are by definition less accessible than other components of the site, they will always contain an OCR scanned, text-only version of the content that can be processed by assistive technologies.


  • As much as possible, links will be written to make sense out of context. Many browsers and screen-reading programs can extract the list of links on a page and allow the user to browse the list, separately from the remaining contents of the page.
  • All links and all elements that accept user input will be operable through a keyboard interface as well as with a mouse.

Design and Functionality

  • Michigan Publishing / DLPS web pages utilize Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) for visual design. If your browser does not support CSS, each page will still be readable and navigable, although its layout and appearance will be simplified.
  • Michigan Publishing / DLPS web pages use Javascript for some functions. If your browser does not support Javascript, the same functions will still be available.
  • All meaningful images will include descriptive ALT attributes.

Printing and Downloading

Since most material on this site is licensed for online electronic distribution only, this means that users are restricted to printing pages for personal research use. If, as an instructor, you want to use material in a course, you can provide the permanent URL on the title record page and the appropriate page numbers to students. If you want to photocopy pages for your course, you must apply directly to the original publisher or copyright holder for permission. If in doubt, or for further information, see our section on fair use.

For best printing results choose the “PDF” viewing option. Ten pages may be downloaded or printed at a time. This is generally sufficient for following a citation or extracting a quotation and follows HEB’s policy for fair-use rights and limitations.

HEB also offers a subset of titles from its collection for purchase separately as print-on-demand or handheld editions.

MARC Records

MARC records are available free to subscribers and can be downloaded here.

As of August 2017, the following files are available:

New subscribers or those who have not recently updated their catalogs should download the cumulative file,, which includes MARC records for all HEB titles currently available. (Also see below for a list of all titles removed to date.)

PLEASE NOTE: The records are MARC21, USMARC records, in Unicode UTF-8 format. There is a discrepancy between the number of records and the number of books in the collection due to the fact that multi-volume sets share a single record. Every effort has been made to bring these records up to current national standards.

Fixed Fields:

  • Record Type: a – Language material
  • BLvl: d – Subunit of a collection
  • 001 System-supplied control number
  • 005 Date and time of latest transaction
  • 006
  • Form of material: m – Computer file
  • Type of computer file: m – Combination
  • 007 Record characteristics for remote access computer file format for textual data

Variable Fields:

  • 035 A unique identifier of the record
  • 040 MiU |c MiU (University of Michigan NUC symbol)
  • 090 LC call number derived from the original print version
  • 260 Record publisher information pertinent to the original print source
  • 300 Physical description for the original print source
  • 533 Reproduction note on the processing of the page-image version – or
  • 534 Original version note for text-based items
  • 6XX Relevant LCSH assignments
  • 7XX Additional access points
  • 830 Uniform title series added entry
  • 856 URL for Electronic access

MARC records are provided “as is.” Some options for MARC editing tools can be found on the Library of Congress’s website: One free program, MarcEdit, can be downloaded here:

Subscribers may share the HEB bibliographic records and metadata with third-party, not-for-profit databases as well as other service developers and providers working to make this data more broadly accessible as long as the records are not being resold by any party.

Records for all HEB titles, complete with OCLC IDs, are also disseminated via WorldCat, and are available as a separate WorldCat Collection set.

Titles/MARC Records Removed

Since HEB went live in September 2002, 161 titles have been removed from the collection. Libraries can download a list of those titles (including removal dates) here.

Usage Statistics (Stats)

Institutional subscribers can access their stats at (choose ACLS Humanities E-Book (acls) in scrolling menu).

HEB stats are COUNTER compliant. (Be sure your email will receive emails and emails with attachments from

IMPORTANT: Even though four reports are technically available, for details on title usage HEB subscribers should draw ONLY on COUNTER Book Report 2. The reason for this is that BR1 provides data only on those digital texts that the user can view in their entirety all at once. This does not apply to any of the books in the HEB collection, which can be viewed exclusively on a page-by-page or section-by-section basis. Therefore, only BR2 will give an accurate picture of title usage for HEB.

  1. CUSTOM report will provide total browse requests, searches, and page/text views across the collection by month.
  2. COUNTER Book Report 2 will provide the number of successful requests for an individual page image or section of digital text (such as a chapter or section) with title information for each month.

NOTE: HEB tracks usage through IP access only. Consequently HEB does not track off-site institutional access through ATHENS or SHIBBOLETH. Athens and Shibboleth users need to combine the results of HEB stats with those stats for an accurate picture of usage. (Also see Shibboleth below.)

NOTE: HEB also does not track off-campus password access for secondary schools that do not use a proxy server. Consequently, depending on how HEB is accessed at those schools, stats for HEB may seem unexpectedly low.

Proxy Server Configuration

If your campus uses a proxy server, it generally needs to be configured with the host names and/or domains of our servers. As of March 2017 these are:

Title ACLS Humanities E-Book

For the proxy service to take effect, users at your campus or institution need to access the service via a connection through the proxy server, not directly. Your proxy server administrator can provide you with a proper URL for linking to our service; ensure that your users are entering via that URL.

IP Address Updates

If you would like to add an IP address to your authorized range (or remove one), please send us your update request by contacting, and the data will be forwarded to our technical support team. We will send a confirmation when the update has been made. Please note there is no separate log-in allowing subscribers to independently enter updates.

Common Access Problems

If you experience problems that result in being prompted for authentication, inability to reach the authentication page itself, or receiving a message that collections are not authorized, please consult:


HEB provides Shibboleth service via the UK Federation. If you are interested, please contact us at for details.

Please note that, as stats in our system are tabulated only by IP address, off-campus access via Shibboleth will not be tracked as part of a subscriber’s usage stats. Shibboleth users will need to track any off-site hits separately. This can be set up through RAPTOR.

Privacy and Data Collection

The University of Michigan Library, which hosts the HEB collection, may collect some data about your institution’s use of HEB in order to improve services and to integrate with university teaching and learning initiatives. It is committed to protecting the privacy and confidentiality of user data in compliance with federal and state laws and professional standards. Follow this link to read the university’s Library Privacy Statement, which governs Michigan Publishing’s hosting of HEB.