- General Orientation
- Types of Titles
- Browse Lists
- What Type of Search?
- Search Results
- Viewing an E-Book
- Copying and Saving Citations
- Referencing ACLS Humanities E-Book Titles
- Linking to Text Sections
- Annotating ACLS Humanities E-Book Titles
- Accessibility of the Collection
- Printing and Downloading
- Contact Information
Watch a video about navigating an HEB title on YouTube
The page design of ACLS Humanities E-Book (HEB) titles provides the following general functionality:
- At the top of each page is a toolbar and menu providing access to the descriptive pages of the HEB website as well as to the collection as a whole. Individual titles may be identified and accessed using the “Browse” and “Search” options.
- Within individual titles, the following additional navigation buttons appear at the top of the interface: “Contents”, “Reviews”, “Catalog Record” and “Save Citation”.
- Finally, a gray toolbar at the top of the page within each title allows three different viewing options: the default “Image” option (an image of the scanned page), as well as “Text” (to access the unformatted OCR-derived text version of the page) and “PDF” (a ten-page excerpt of the book formatted as an image-based PDF file). In addition, the toolbar provides a pulldown menu and “prev” / “next” buttons for page navigation, as well as a set of buttons allowing readers to increase or decrease the size of the page image.
Note: ACLS Humanities E-Book (HEB) is one of several online collections hosted by the University of Michigan’s MPublishing division. For both efficiency and cost-effectiveness, HEB incorporates most of MPublishing’s already-developed functions and presents them to the reader through HEB’s custom-designed interface.
Types of Titles
The collection contains two types of electronic books: Page image (marked with the symbol ), which contain exact page images of the print book and multiple OCR-scanned text, and encoded text titles (marked with the symbol ), which use XML-coded text and structures.
Page-image books are subdivided according to the structure of the print version, e.g., by chapters and individually numbered pages. The structure of XML-encoded titles may be more granular, e.g., may feature further subdivisions within chapters. XML titles feature individually numbered paragraphs rather than pages.
In addition, HEB distributes several other collections, which are listed under Special HEB Series. These collections are fully integrated into the Browse and Search functions of the HEB collection, but can also be browsed and searched as distinct collections.
Browsing presents a list of all books available that can be accessed alphabetically by author, title, or subject. Browse lists also present a series logo where appropriate.
- Browse by Author and Browse by Title lists show the title, author, year of publication, and icon identifying the type of e-book (page-image or XML). Clicking on a title in the browse lists will bring users to that book’s title-record page.
- Browse by subject provides a full listing of Library of Congress subjects drawn dynamically from the MARC records of the collection. Click on one to find all the books in the collection that specifically match that subject (according to LC subject classifications).
Note: Since subject headings are drawn dynamically from the titles currently available in ACLS Humanities E-Book, readers will not find every LC subject heading in the list provided here. As titles are added to the collection, the subject list will expand accordingly.
What Type of Search?
Watch a video about searching the HEB collection on YouTube
Use Basic Search to search for a single word or phrase within the categories “full text”, “author”, “title”, “subject” or “publisher” (as listed in the pull-down menu in the first search field).
To search for more than one word or phrase, use a Boolean or proximity search. Advanced searches (including Boolean, proximity, and bibliographic) allow users to narrow down their search results by locating multiple search terms at once.
Users may also search by series by choosing one of the distinct series currently available within HEB from a pull-down menu. Clicking the “Search” button will then produce a listing on the search-results page of currently available titles within that series.
Boolean Search locates multiple terms according to Boolean operators (“and”, “or”, “not”). Use this search to find books, book titles, sections or chapters, or paragraphs/pages (depending on whether the book contains encoded text or scanned page images) that:
- include all search terms entered (“and”)
- include any of the search terms entered (“or”)
- include one (or two) of the search terms entered, but exclude the other(s) (“not”).
Proximity Search restricts the search to sections of text, author names, titles, subjects or publishers containing certain words or phrases appearing near/next to one another within a specified number (40, 80, or 120) of characters—or, conversely, not appearing near/next to one another within that range.
Bibliographic Search restricts the search to a specific word or phrase contained in titles, authors’ names, subject headings or publishers.
Selecting Search History will allow users to view their past searches and corresponding number of results. The resulting list also allows readers to resubmit any previous search by clicking on a hyperlinked search query.
Note: Truncation is not automatic. To search for variations and plurals of words, use a “wild card,” that is, add an asterisk (*) at the end of the word. For example, “book*” will look for “books,” “bookcase,” “bookworm,” etc.
Search results are shown in a list that may be sorted (using the pull-down menu at the top of the page) by frequency (where applicable), title, author, date ascending, and date descending. Frequency is the default sort. Items in the results list contain the following elements:
- title (with hyperlink to title-record page)
- page-image/encoded-text icon
- series icon, where applicable
- volume number
- publication info (pub place, publisher, pub date)
- number and type of matches for current item, where applicable
- a hyperlink (“View result details”) to a list of results details, where applicable
Clicking on “View result details” brings the user to a list of hits within the current item. From here, either individual pages and the chapters containing these pages (for scanned books) or text sections (for encoded titles) with matches may be accessed directly, by clicking on the hyperlinked page numbers, chapter heads, or section titles.
After accessing a book from the search results details, when the “text” viewing option is used on a page-image title, search terms appear highlighted in yellow for ease of identification. When viewing an XML-encoded title, already text-based, this formatting appears as well.
Viewing an E-Book
To view the text of a specific book a reader must first locate the work through a library’s online catalog (via MARC records) or through the search or browse pages.
The title-record page of a book contains the following elements:
- cover image (enlargeable by clicking)
- complete title information, including author name, publisher name, publication date and, where applicable, a hyperlink to the catalog page on the publisher’s website or the website itself (if the publisher is the current copyright holder)
- interactive table of contents, allowing users to access individual sections of the book directly
- links to online reviews of the title, if available, including JSTOR and Project MUSE, which may be accessed directly from the title-record page (provided the user has access to these collections
- full catalog record, based on the MARC record (MARC records are also available via FTP to HEB-subscribing libraries)
for XML-encoded titles, the title-record page also features a link to a list of related titles (based on author recommendations)
Copying and Saving Citations
Copying and sharing citations: In order to copy bibliographic information to your clipboard, select “Copy citation” from the toolbar that appears at the top of each page. This allows users to export an unformatted citation derived from that title’s metadata, including the author’s name, title, publication information (pub place, publisher, pub date), and the title’s permanent handle within the HEB collection.
Users may also instantly share citations via a number of reference managers and social media outlets—including Twitter, Facebook, Google+, Reddit, Mendeley, and Cite U Like—by selecting the “Share+” button from the toolbar.
Saving citations through Zotero: Users also have the option of saving information on individual titles in their citation list via their browser by making use of Zotero (a free open-source reference-management plug-in). For more on Zotero, see its Wikipedia entry.
The instructions below are for using Zotero for Firefox. Alternatively, you can use the Zotero Standalone client with a browser extension, though the instructions will vary.
- Install Firefox (unless already installed)
- Install Zotero for Firefox (unless already installed)
- To save citation(s), click icon in address bar.
- Search results (choose citations):
- Browse (choose citations):
- Title Record Page:
- Book interior page:
- To view & manage your citations, click the Zotero button at the bottom right of Firefox.
- Click the Zotero button
- The citation manager opens
Referencing ACLS Humanities E-Book Titles
The following are examples of how to reference and cite material from ACLS Humanities E-Book. It is important to be consistent, provide the standard bibliographical information (author, title, place of publication, publisher, publication date, etc.) plus the URL found in the cataloging record on the title-record page of each book.
For page-image books, with this red logo, which contain exact page images of the print book:
Note: Richard Abel, Americanizing the Movies and “Movie-mad” Audiences, 1910-1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006), 204–205, http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.08012.0001.001 (accessed August 5, 2013).
Bibliography: Abel, Richard. Americanizing the Movies and “Movie-mad” Audiences, 1910-1914. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.08012.0001.001 (accessed August 5, 2013).
For books with encoded text, with this blue logo, which use XML-coded text and structures:
Note: Margaret Vandiver, Lethal Punishment: Lynchings and Legal Executions in the South (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007), para 155–58, http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.90036.0001.001 (accessed May 14, 2013).
Bibliography: Vandiver, Margaret. Lethal Punishment: Lynchings and Legal Executions in the South. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.90036.0001.001 (accessed May 14, 2013).
Accessibility of the Collection
In an effort to allow all users to make the most of our resource, including people with disabilities, ACLS Humanities E-Book is pleased to report that most features of the collection now provide accessibility and allow for navigation by standard automatic screen readers. For additional information and technical details, please also see the following link: Accessibility and ADA Compliance.
Annotating ACLS Humanities E-Book Titles
It is now possible to annotate any title in the collection by using the free hypothes.is tool, an open platform allowing for note-taking on top of online resources across the web that have enabled this feature.
On web pages that have annotation enabled, you’ll notice a gray overlayed annotation bar on the right side of your browser window with a set of buttons at the top. To make annotations and comments, you must create an account or sign-in by clicking the gray arrow button at the top of the hypothes.is sidebar and click “Sign in”. Create an account if you do not already have one.
For page-image books (the predominant format for titles in the HEB collection), you can comment on the page currently being viewed by clicking the note icon in the right sidebar to toggle the notes field.
For books with encoded text, to make an annotation on a specific portion of text, click, hold, and highlight the text in question. You’ll see both a highlight icon and a note icon appear. Click the note icon to toggle the right sidebar and start making your annotation.
In order to make your annotations and notes visible to other users, they must be set to “Post to Public”; otherwise only you will be able to view them.
Printing and Downloading
Since most material on this site is licensed for online electronic distribution only, this means that users are restricted to printing pages for personal research use. If, as an instructor, you want to use material in a course, you can provide the permanent URL on the title record page and the appropriate page numbers to students. If you want to photocopy pages for your course, you must apply directly to the original publisher or copyright holder for permission. If in doubt, or for further information, see our section on fair use.
For best printing results choose the “PDF” viewing option. Ten pages may be downloaded or printed at a time. This is generally sufficient for following a citation or extracting a quotation and follows HEB’s policy for fair-use rights and limitations.